How Should Beginners Prepare For the RRB Group D Exam?


The railway recruitment board conducts the RRB Group D exam to recruit employees in Level-1 posts under the Central Government of India. The posts allotted to selected candidates are Track Maintainer Grade IV, Helper/ Assistant Pointsman. Competition is pretty high since lakhs of candidates apply for this exam. The RRB Group D exam is not difficult to crack. With dedication and concentration, you can easily ace this exam. The RRB Group D recruitment consists of the following three steps:

  • Computer-based test (CBT)
  • Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  • Document verification and medical

Let us first discuss the exam pattern:

There are four sections in the computer-based test. 

Subjects Number of questions Marks
General Science 25 25
Mathematics 25 25
General Intelligence and Reasoning 30 30
General Awareness and Current Affairs 20 20
Total 100 100

There are 100 questions in the CBT and the time allotted is 90 minutes. The CBT exam carries 100 marks. Candidates who crack the CBT are called for the Physical Efficiency Test. Let us take a look at the syllabus:


  • Number system 
  • LCM
  • Decimal
  • Distance and time
  • Mensuration
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Profit and loss
  • Calendar and clock
  • Square root
  • Geometry and trigonometry
  • HCF
  • Fractions
  • Percentages
  • Time and work
  • Simple and compound interest
  • Algebra
  • Elementary statistics
  • Age calculations
  • Pipes and cisterns

Preparation tips for Mathematics:

  1. Understand the formula and concept. Do not just memorize the concepts. Do the derivation on your own to understand the concepts.
  2. Learn shortcut methods of solving questions.
  3. Make a list of important formulas and stick it in your studying area and practice some questions daily.
  4. Track your progress every day. Try to work and improve your speed during calculations.
  5. Practice mock tests regularly.
  6. Practice in a time-bound environment to work on your speed. 
  7. Mark your silly calculation mistakes, you can keep a note of them. 

General Intelligence and Reasoning:

  • Analogy
  • Coding and decoding
  • Classification
  • Similarities and differences
  • Data interpretation and sufficiency
  • Jumbling
  • Relationships
  • Directions
  • Analytical reasoning
  • Conclusions and decision making
  • Venn diagram
  • Syllogism
  • Mathematical operations
  • Alphabetical and number series  
  • Statement – Argument and assumption

Tips to prepare general intelligence:

  1. Strengthen your logical skills by solving puzzles
  2. Practice this section regularly
  3. Solve mock test papers and identify important topics and focus on them
  4. Revise regularly
  5. Note down tricks or shortcuts 

General Science: The general science section of the RRB Grade exam includes Physics, Chemistry, and Life Sciences of the CBSE Class 10 level. 

Tips to prepare for general science:

  • Study your CBSE books and check the practice problems
  • Do not memorize anything, understand the concepts
  • Mark your weak areas
  • Revise regularly
  1. General awareness and current affairs: This section covers topics from sports, business, science and technology, cultures, economics, politics, etc. The best way to prepare for general awareness is by reading newspapers daily. Mark important points. Prepare short notes of all the important events and news that are relevant to your exam. You need to keep yourself updated. You can follow certain videos on current affairs for daily updates. Revise your notes on a regular basis. 

General tips to crack RRB Group D exam:

  • Time management: The syllabus is long and you have limited time to prepare. Utilize your time effectively. Cut on your leisure hours and avoid all sorts of distractions. Keep yourself away from social media and similar entertainment. If you are not used to sitting for long hours of studying, start with small steps. Start studying continuously for two hours, then gradually move on to 3 hours, and so on. You need not sit for more than 5-6 hours because naturally, our brain begins to slow down. 
  • Study plan: Make a customized study plan that is unique to you. Do not get carried away by other students’ plans. You must address your weaknesses and strengths and plan your timetable accordingly. If you are able to concentrate for only 6 hours, it is fine. Make sure that you make the best use of the time you invest. Remember always to keep quality over quantity. Prepare short-term goals. Make daily, weekly, and monthly goals. When you accomplish these goals, you feel a sense of achievement. This is very important to keep up your confidence.
  • Practice, practice, and practice: You must invest time in studying and learning the concepts. But do not get stuck with it for long. If you face any doubts, get them cleared with discussions with your teachers and friends. Once you have learned the logic, directly start solving the questions. Start with solved examples. When you gain enough confidence, practice unsolved questions. Remember that the questions will be objective. Hence, you must focus on accuracy. Set a timer when you practice problems. Mark the difficult question and the questions you were not able to solve. Do not look at the solution. Try solving it after a gap of one or two days. If still, you do not succeed, look at the solutions. Follow this technique for all topics, this will enhance your reasoning and thinking skills. If you feel stuck on a particular topic, do not get demotivated. Solve as many questions as you can. The more you practice, the more you will improve. Look for patterns and mnemonics that will help you memorize important concepts. 
  • Solve mock tests: Start solving mock test papers after you complete a topic. You can start solving chapter-wise and section-wise mock tests. This way you can solve varieties of questions from a particular topic. Start solving full-length mock tests at least a month before your exam. Click here to practice free mock tests. After every test, spend some time analyzing your answers. Take note of frequent mistakes you make and try to improve. Giving mock tests prepares you for the exam environment and helps you to manage pressure during exams. The more mock tests you give, the more you train your mind to perform better in the final exam. Even the brightest minds are unable to give their best due to the lack of practice. It is very crucial that you stay calm and composed while answering the exam. Mock tests are very helpful for this.


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